Classics 270                                                    Fall 2005
Seminar                                                          S.G. Miller

   Plaster Casts of Greek & Roman Sculpture at Berkeley


History
Purpose
Method
Brochure Outline

 

History:

        Two collections of plaster casts exist in the San Francisco Bay Area. One collection came to the University of California in the period 1902-1904 from museums in Europe by the gift of Phoebe Apperson Hearst. Although there seem to have been more than 300 pieces in that group originally, dozens of pieces can no longer be accounted for. The second group, 27 in number, was given to the City and Country of San Francisco in 1915 by the Greek State; these have now been given to the Classics Department of UCB. Both collections have languished in warehouses for at least 60 years unseen and unseeable to students and the interested public. The casts were, until 2003, filthy and often cracked or broken, in no condition for public viewing. This situation can be contrasted with the situation with the cast collections of, for example, Oxford, Cambridge, Copenhagen, Moscow, Amsterdam, Erlangen, Halle-Wittenberg, Saskatchewan, Atlanta, and Austin, Texas, to name a few (see bibliography). The situation began to change in the Spring of 2003 when 21 casts (7 from the Hearst collection, 21 from the Classics department) were repaired and restored. Since then they have been on display in Room 10 in the basement of the Marchant Building.   {To top}


Purpose:

        To expand and enrich the collection now available to the community of the University of California at Berkeley as many of the plaster casts from the Hearst Collection and from the Classics Collection as possible.   {To top}


Method:

        1) clean, repair, conserve, and mount for display all of the Classics Collection (see inventory) and as many of the Hearst Collection as time will allow. This work will be done under the guidance of Elisabeth Cornu, Conservator of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco with the assistance of Tom Ventresco and Nadina Reusmann.

        2) prepare a full inventory of each object including description, dimensions, and bibliography. This under the guidance of Stephen Miller.

        3) mount the finished pieces in public areas of the campus, probably the Art History/Classics Seminar and the northern entrance to Doe Library.


        4) publish a booklet with the following elements:
                 a) the history of the collections - how, when, whence
                 b) a survey of the use of plaster casts in museums and
                      for education
                 c) a presentation of the technical aspects of creating
                      plaster casts
                 d) a presentation of the technical aspects of conserving
                     plaster casts
                 e) a fully illustrated catalogue of the pieces which have
                      been put on display
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Outline of brochure to accompany exhibit:

4a) History of the Collections

          Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum Archives
                     PAH - her motivation
                     correspondence & receipts of Alfred Emerson (Joan                      Knudsen)
                     Harold N. Fowler, obituary of Emerson, AJA 48 (1944) 80
                     transportation expenses
                     when and where on campus

          Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco
                    
documentation of gift from Greek State
                     publicity at the time
                     when and where on display and storage
                     transfer to Classics Department


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4b) Plaster Cast Collections

GENERAL

    Bauer, J., and W. Geominy, Gips nicht mer. Abgusse als letze         Zeuden antiker Kunst (Bonn 2000)

     Beard, M., “Casts and Cast-offs: the origins of the Museum of           classical Archaeology,” PCPhS 39 (1993) 1-29


     Connor, P., "Cast-Collecting in the Nineteenth Century," in G.W.           Clarke (ed.), Rediscovering Hellenism
(Cambridge 1989) 187-235

    Caproni, P.P, Catalogue of plaster reproductions from antique,
          medieval and modern sculpture : Subjects for art schools
(1901)


     Donati, Fulvia, La Gipsoteca di Arte Antica (Florence 1999, University           of Pisa, Collection of the Department of Archaeological Science)
          15-82
 

     Haskell, F. and N. Penny, Taste and the Antique: The Lure of Classical           Sculpture. 1500-1900 (New Haven and London1981)

     Howard, S., “Ancient Busts and the Cavaceppi and Albancini Casts,”           Journal of the History of Collections 3 (1991)

     Jenkins, I., "Acquisition and Supply of Casts of the Parthenon
           sculptures by the British Museum, 1835-1939
," ABSA 85 (1990)
           89-114


     Keisch, C., "Gipssammlungen als 'ästhetischer Kramladen,'" in
           Die griechische Klassik: Idee oder Wirklichkeit (2002) 729-735


     Kurtz, Donna, The Reception of Classical Art in Britain: An Oxford           Story of Plaster Casts from the Antique (BAR 308, 2000)

     Kurtz, Donna,
Beazley Archive: Classical Sculpture: Paris Lecture

     Le Moulage - Actes du colloque international du 10-12 avril 1987,
           edited by M. Bourbon (Paris 1988)


     Witcombe, C.L.C.E., "Art History and Technology"
        

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SPECIFIC COLLECTIONS

Canada

      Saskatchewan

England

      Cambridge: Guidebook to the Cast Gallery

      Cambridge: The Peplos Kore

      Oxford

      Penny, N., “Chantey, Westmacott and casts after the Antique,”
           Journal of the History of Collection 3 (1991) 255-264

Denmark

      Copenhagen

France

      Deonna, W., Moulages de l’art antique au Musée Rath (1922)

Germany

      Friederichs, C., Die Gipsabgüsse antiker Bildwerke (Berlin 1885)


        Berlin

        Abguss-Sammlung Antiker Plastik Berlin


      Platz-Horster, G., “Zur Geschichte der Sammlung von Gipsabgüssen
          in Berlin,” Berlin und die Antike (Berlin 1979) 93-8

     Platz, G., “Die Berliner Sammlung von Gipsabgüssen,” Berlin und die           Antike (Berlin 1979) 273-292

       Stemmer, K. (ed), Berliner Gypse des 19. Jahrhunderers. Von der
          Idee zum Gipsabguß
(1993)

      Hettner, H., Das Museum der Gipsabgüsse zu Dresden (Dresden
          1881)


       Erlangen

       Fittschen, K., Verzeichnis der Gipsabgüsse des Archäologischen
          Instituts der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
(1990)


      Halle-Wittenberg

Holland

      Allard Pierson Museum, Amsterdam

Ireland

       Cork, Ireland

       University College, Cork, Ireland

Italy

      Bizzarri, A.R. Mandrioli, and A.M. Brizzolara, Gipsoteca. La collezione
          dei gessi del Museo Civico Archeologico di Bologna
(1990)


      Donati, Fulvia, La Gipsoteca di Arte Antica (Florence 1999)          University of Pisa, Collection of the Department of Archaeological          Science

      Grange, D., “Une collection genevoise méconnue: les moulages
          d’aprés l’antique,” AK 35 (1992) 142-147


      Russo, S., and R. Carozzi, La Gipsoteca dell’Accademia di Belle Arti           di Carrara (Massa 1991)

      Barbanera, M. Museo dell’arte classica. Gipsoteca (Roma 1995)
          [U. Rome]


      Gasparri, C., Il Museo dei Gessi (Urbino 19900 [U. Urbino]

Russia

       Moscow

Switzerland

       Stähli, A., Die Berner Abguss-Sammlung (Bern 1985)

U.S.A.

       Wescoat, Bonna D., Replicating History: A Guide to 19th-century           plaster casts on view at the Michael C. Carlos Museum and in           Marchael C. Carlos Hall, Emory University (Atlanta 1994)

       University of Texas at Austin

       University of California, Berkeley

     
University of California, Berkeley Special News Release

       Robinson, E., Catalogue of casts, part III, Greek and Roman           Sculpture (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 1896)

       Emerson, A., Catalogue of the H.W. Sage collection of casts from
          antique sculpture
(1900 Cornell)


      Kuniholm, P.I., Nancy H. Ramage, and Andrew Ramage, A Guide to           the Classical Collections of Cornell University
(Ithaca 2003)

       Kramer, C. and N.H. Ramage (eds.), Tradition and Innovation:           Plaster and Page (Ithaca College 2003)

       Harvard

       U. Missouri, Columbia Department of Art History

      U. Missouri, Columbia Casts

       Haskell, Heather R., “The Horace Smith Collection of Plaster Casts,”            Sculpture Review 51 (2002) 14-17. (Springfield, MA)

       Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburg (broken link)

       Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburg (broken link)

Zambia

       Natal

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4c) The technical aspects of creating plaster casts

ANCIENT

       Ladendorf, C., Die antiken Gipsabgüsse aud Baiae. Griechische
           
Bronzestatuen in Abgüssen römischer Zeit (1985)

       Landwehr, C. von Hees, Capolavori greci in calchi romani. Il
           rinvenimento di Baia e la tecnica degli antichi copisti
(Naples            1993)

       Landwehr, C. von Hees, Griechische Meisterwerke in romischen            Abgussen: Der Fund von Baia (Frankfurt, 1982)

       Hallet, C., "Kopienkritik and the Works of Polykleitos," in W.G          Moon(ed.), Polykleitos, the Doryphorous, and Tradition          (Madison 1998)

       http://www.cib.na.cnr.it/Castellodibaia/rbp.html

MODERN

      Caproni, P.P., and Brother, Catalogue of Plaster Cast          Reproductions (Boston, 1901)

      Hallo, R., “Bronzeabgüsse antiker Statuen,” JDAI 42 (1927)           200-206

      Donati, Fulvia, La Gipsoteca di Arte Antica (Florence 1999) 109-142

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4d)Technical Aspects of Conserving and Exhibiting Plaster Casts

       Ashley-Smith, J. (ed.) Science for Conservators. Teaching        Series (The Crafts Council, London 1983)

       Constantinides, M., Makris, N. and S.G. Miller, Seismic        Response Analysis of Plaster Cast Sculptures on the        University of California, Berkeley Campus (EERC Report no.        2003-07)

       Cornu, E. and E. Thomas, Practical Seismic Protection        Systems fo Sculptures at the Fine Art Museum of San        Francisco (Berkeley 2002)

       Guldbeck, P., The Carew of Antiquities and Historical        Collections (Nashville 1972)

       James, T., The Prop Builder's & Casting Handbook (Cincinnati        1989)

       Knell, S. (ed.), Care of Collections (London & New York        1994)

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4e) Bibliography for the originals

GENERAL

      Richter, G.M.A., The Sculpture and the Sculptors of the Greeks
           (1970) NB90.R53 *E


      Stewart, A. Greek Sculpture (2 vols., 1990) NB980.S74 *E

      Richter, G.M.A., Kouroi (1970) NB94.R531 *E

      Richter, G.M.A., Kourai: archaic Greek maidens (London 1968)

      Richter, G.M.A., The Portraits of the Greeks (1965) NB164 .R52          *308E

      Ridgway, B.S., Hellenistic Sculpture I: the Styles of ca. 331-200 B.C.
           (1990) NB94.R535 

      Bieber, M., The Sculpture of the Hellenistic Age (1961) NB90.B52 *E

      Bieber, M., Ancient Copies. Contribution to the History of Greek
           and Roman Art
(1977)


      Kleiner, D.E.E., Roman Sculpture (1992) NB115.K57

      Strong, D.E., Roman Imperial Sculpture (1961) NB115.S69

      Toynbee, J.M.C., The Hadrianic School (1934) NB115.T6


MUSEUM CATALOGUES

Athens - Akropolis

      Humfry, P., Archaic Marble Sculpture from the Acropolis (1936)
           fNB87.A8 P3 *308E

      Brouskari, M. The Akropolis Museum (1974) NB87.A8 B7514 *308E

     Brouskari, M., The Monuments of the Akropolis (1997)          DF287.A2 B7613

     Jenkins, Ian, The Parthenon Frieze (Austin 1994) NB91.A7 J45

     Keesling, C.M., "The Kore as a Sculptural Type on the          Athenian Akropolis," [Abstract] AJA 100 (1996) 367

      Neils, J., The Parthenon Frieze (Cambridge 2001) NA2965.N45 *G

      Paton, J.M., et alii, The Erechtheum (Cambridge, Mass 1927)          NA283.E7 P3 *E

      Karakasi, K., Archaic korai (Los Angeles 2003) NB94.K2813

Athens - National Museum

      Karouzou, S., EynikÒn ArxaiologikÒn Mouse€on: SÊllogh Glupvēn
           (Athens 1967
)

      Kavvadias, P. Catalogue des Sculptures du Museée National          d'Athènes (Athens 1890-1892)

Boston - Museum of Fine Arts

      Caskey, L.D., Catalogue of Greek and Roman Sculpture (Cambridge,
            Mass. 1925) NB87 .B6


Cambridge - Fitzwilliam Museum

      Budde, L., and R. Nicholls, A Catalogue of the Greek and Roman
            Sculpture in the Fitzwilliam Museum
(Cambridge 1964) NB87.C18

Copenhagen - Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek

      Poulsen, F., Catalogue of Ancient Sculpture in the Ny Carlsberg             Glyptotek (Copenhagen 1951) N1920 .A542

Florence - Uffizi

       Di Pasquale, G., Uffizi: the Ancient Sculptures (Florence 2001)            NB27.I8 F55 *308G

London - British Museum

      Smith, A.H., Catalogue of sculpture in the Department of Greek and
            Roman antiquities of the British museum I-III
(London            1892-1904) NB87.B8 *308E

       Dawson, A., Portrait sculpture: A Catalogue of the British Museum            Collection (1999) NB1309 .D39 *308G

Munich

      Vierneisel-Schlörb, B., Glyptothek München. Katalog der Skulpturen           II, Klassische Skulpturen des 5. und 4. Jahrhunders v. Chr.           (Munich 1979)

Naples

       Le collezioni del Museo Nazionale di Napoli (Archivio Fotografico
           Pedicini, Rome 1986-1989) fN2730 .C64 *308G

Paris - Louvre

       Hamiaux, M., Musée du Louvre, Les Sculptures grecques I (1992)

Rome - Museo Barracco

      Nota Santi, M. and M.G. Cimino, Museo Barracco, Roma (1991)

      Pietrangeli, C., Museo Barracco di Sculture Antica (Rome 1963)
           N2816.A7

Rome - Musei Capitolini

      Jones, H. Stuart, A Catalogue of the Ancient Sculptures preserved in
           the Municipal Collections of Rome. The Sculptures of the
           Museo Capitolino
(1912)

      Jones, H. Stuart, A Catalogue of the Ancient Sculptures preserved in
           the Municipal Collections of Rome. The Sculptures of the
           Palazzo dei Conservatori
(1926)

       Fittschen, K., and P. Zanker, Katalog der römischen Porträts in
           den Capitolinischen Museen und der anderen kommunalen
           Sammlungen der stadt Rom I & III
(1983 & 1985)

      Bertolette, M., Maddalena Cima, and Emilia Talamo (eds)           Sculptures of ancient Rome : collections from the Capitoline            Museums at the Montemartini Power Station (1997)            NB115.M85513 *308E

Rome - National Museum

      Giuliano, A, (ed.) Museo Naxionale Romano. Le Sculture I (1973)

      De Angeli, M. (ed.), Scultura antica in Palazzo Altemps : Museo
           nazionale romano
(Rome and Milan 2002)

      La Regina, A., Palazzo Massimo alle Terme (Rome and Milan 1998)
           N2934 .P25


Rome - Vatican

      Lippold, G., Die Skulpturen des Vaticanischen Museums I-III
          (1903-1936) N2940 .A7 *308E and fN2940.A7

      Daltrop, G., and H. Oehler,Vatikanische Museen, Museo Gregoriano
           Profano ex Lateranense, Katalog der Skulpturen I-II
(1991-1996)
           NB116.V38 M87



Rome - Villa Albani

      Bol, P.C. (ed.) Forschungen zur Villa Albani : Katalog der antiken
            Bildwerke I-III
(Rome 1989-1992) NB87.R65 A43


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